Warning: All submissions should only be done under qualified supervision or in extreme self defense situations. There are many different submission holds that you can apply on your partner. A good general rule is that the bigger and stronger your opponent, the smaller the part of their body you should attack. The point of a submission is to force your partner to give up by causing them pain or by achieving a position that could cause them permanent injury unless they yield.

All submissions require first fixing your partner’s body and then forcing movements that are outside of the normal range of motion or putting pressure that causes pain.

Joint Locks – A very common submission is to pick a joint and force it to move in an unnatural way. A clear understanding of human physiology is thus critical to understanding why joint locks can succeed. Hinge joints (elbow and knee) are vulnerable to hyperextension, which is straightening the arm or leg farther than it can normally go. The ball and socket joints of the hip and shoulder can be used in submissions that rotate the leg or arm. In general, nearly every joint can be locked. Do not use any submissions that manipulate any of the joints in the spine. Do not use any submissions that turn the knee. These two types of submissions are dangerous and not allowed to be used in KAT.

Pressure Points – You can also force your partner to tap by applying pressure to a muscle (bicep cutter), tendon (Achilles lock), or nerve. These submissions generally require locking up the partner so they cannot simply twist out.